# 52.2. pg_aggregate

The catalog ``` pg_aggregate ``` stores information about aggregate functions. An aggregate function is a function that operates on a set of values (typically one column from each row that matches a query condition) and returns a single value computed from all these values. Typical aggregate functions are ``` sum ``` , ``` count ``` , and ``` max ``` . Each entry in ``` pg_aggregate ``` is an extension of an entry in ``` pg_proc ``` . The ``` pg_proc ``` entry carries the aggregate's name, input and output data types, and other information that is similar to ordinary functions.

Table 52.2. ``` pg_aggregate ``` Columns

Name Type References Description
``` aggfnoid ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` ``` pg_proc ``` OID of the aggregate function
``` aggkind ``` ``` char ``` Aggregate kind: ``` n ``` for " normal " aggregates, ``` o ``` for " ordered-set " aggregates, or ``` h ``` for " hypothetical-set " aggregates
``` aggnumdirectargs ``` ``` int2 ``` Number of direct (non-aggregated) arguments of an ordered-set or hypothetical-set aggregate, counting a variadic array as one argument. If equal to ``` pronargs ``` , the aggregate must be variadic and the variadic array describes the aggregated arguments as well as the final direct arguments. Always zero for normal aggregates.
``` aggtransfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Transition function
``` aggfinalfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Final function (zero if none)
``` aggcombinefn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Combine function (zero if none)
``` aggserialfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Serialization function (zero if none)
``` aggdeserialfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Deserialization function (zero if none)
``` aggmtransfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Forward transition function for moving-aggregate mode (zero if none)
``` aggminvtransfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Inverse transition function for moving-aggregate mode (zero if none)
``` aggmfinalfn ``` ``` regproc ``` ``` pg_proc .oid ``` Final function for moving-aggregate mode (zero if none)
``` aggfinalextra ``` ``` bool ``` True to pass extra dummy arguments to ``` aggfinalfn ```
``` aggmfinalextra ``` ``` bool ``` True to pass extra dummy arguments to ``` aggmfinalfn ```
``` aggfinalmodify ``` ``` char ``` Whether ``` aggfinalfn ``` modifies the transition state value: ``` r ``` if it is read-only, ``` s ``` if the ``` aggtransfn ``` cannot be applied after the ``` aggfinalfn ``` , or ``` w ``` if it writes on the value
``` aggmfinalmodify ``` ``` char ``` Like ``` aggfinalmodify ``` , but for the ``` aggmfinalfn ```
``` aggsortop ``` ``` oid ``` ``` pg_operator .oid ``` Associated sort operator (zero if none)
``` aggtranstype ``` ``` oid ``` ``` pg_type .oid ``` Data type of the aggregate function's internal transition (state) data
``` aggtransspace ``` ``` int4 ``` Approximate average size (in bytes) of the transition state data, or zero to use a default estimate
``` aggmtranstype ``` ``` oid ``` ``` pg_type .oid ``` Data type of the aggregate function's internal transition (state) data for moving-aggregate mode (zero if none)
``` aggmtransspace ``` ``` int4 ``` Approximate average size (in bytes) of the transition state data for moving-aggregate mode, or zero to use a default estimate
``` agginitval ``` ``` text ``` The initial value of the transition state. This is a text field containing the initial value in its external string representation. If this field is null, the transition state value starts out null.
``` aggminitval ``` ``` text ``` The initial value of the transition state for moving-aggregate mode. This is a text field containing the initial value in its external string representation. If this field is null, the transition state value starts out null.

New aggregate functions are registered with the CREATE AGGREGATE command. See Section 38.11 for more information about writing aggregate functions and the meaning of the transition functions, etc.