PG Partition Manager
pg_partman is an extension to create and manage both time-based and serial-based table partition sets. Native partitioning in PostgreSQL 10 is supported as of pg_partman v3.0.1. Note that all the features of trigger-based partitioning are not yet supported in native, but performance in both reads & writes is significantly better.
Child table creation is all managed by the extension itself. For non-native, trigger function maintenance is also handled. For non-native partitioning, tables with existing data can have their data partitioned in easily managed smaller batches. For native partitioning, the creation of a new partitioned set is required and data will have to be migrated over separately.
Optional retention policy can automatically drop partitions no longer needed for both native and non-native partitioning.
A background worker (BGW) process is included to automatically run partition maintenance without the need of an external scheduler (cron, etc) in most cases.
All bug reports, feature requests and general questions can be directed to the Issues section on Github. Please feel free to post here no matter how minor you may feel your issue or question may be. - https://github.com/keithf4/pg_partman/issues
If you’re looking for a partitioning system that handles any range type beyond just time & serial, the new native partitioning features in PostgreSQL 10 are likely the best method for the foreseeable future. If this is something critical to your environment, start planning your upgrades now!
Requirement: PostgreSQL >= 9.4
Recommended: pg_jobmon (>=v1.3.2). PG Job Monitor will automatically be used if it is installed and setup properly. https://github.com/omniti-labs/pg_jobmon
In the directory where you downloaded pg_partman, run
If you do not want the background worker compiled and just want the plain PL/PGSQL functions, you can run this instead:
make NO_BGW=1 install
The background worker must be loaded on database start by adding the library to shared_preload_libraries in postgresql.conf
shared_preload_libraries = 'pg_partman_bgw' # (change requires restart)
You can also set other control variables for the BGW in postgresql.conf. “dbname” is required at a minimum for maintenance to run on the given database(s). These can be added/changed at anytime with a simple reload. See the documentation for more details. An example with some of them:
pg_partman_bgw.interval = 3600 pg_partman_bgw.role = 'keith' pg_partman_bgw.dbname = 'keith'
Log into PostgreSQL and run the following commands. Schema is optional (but recommended) and can be whatever you wish, but it cannot be changed after installation. If you’re using the BGW, the database cluster can be safely started without having the extension first created in the configured database(s). You can create the extension at any time and the BGW will automatically pick up that it exists without restarting the cluster (as long as shared_preload_libraries was set) and begin running maintenance as configured.
CREATE SCHEMA partman; CREATE EXTENSION pg_partman SCHEMA partman;
Functions must either be run as a superuser or you can set the ownership of the extension functions to a superuser role and they will also work (SECURITY DEFINER is set).
I’ve received many requests for being able to install this extension on Amazon RDS. RDS does not support third-party extension management outside of the ones it has approved and provides itself. Therefore, I cannot provide support for running this extension in RDS if the limitations are RDS related. If you’d like to see this extension available there, please send an email to email@example.com requesting that they include it. The more people that do so, the more likely it will happen!
Version 1.8.8 of pg_partman is still available on github if you’re running a version of PostgreSQL older than 9.4. Note however that no further updates (bug fixes, features, etc) are being released for the 1.x series. If you encounter any issues, please plan for upgrading your database to 9.4+ so that you can use the 2.x series of pg_partman.
Run “make install” same as above to put the script files and libraries in place. Then run the following in PostgreSQL itself:
ALTER EXTENSION pg_partman UPDATE TO '<latest version>';
If you are doing a pg_dump/restore and you’ve upgraded pg_partman in place from previous versions, it is recommended you use the –column-inserts option when dumping and/or restoring pg_partman’s configuration tables. This is due to ordering of the configuration columns possibly being different (upgrades just add the columns onto the end, whereas the default of a new install may be different).
If upgrading from 1.x to 2.x or greater, please carefully read all intervening version notes in the CHANGELOG, especially those for 2.0.0 and 3.0.1. There are additional instructions for updating your trigger functions to the newer version and other important considerations for the update.
First create a parent table with an appropriate column type for the partitioning type you will do. Apply all defaults, indexes, constraints, privileges & ownership to the parent table and they will be inherited to newly created child tables automatically (not already existing partitions, see docs for how to fix that). Here’s one with columns that can be used for either
CREATE schema test; CREATE TABLE test.part_test (col1 serial, col2 text, col3 timestamptz NOT NULL DEFAULT now());
Then just run the create_parent() function with the appropriate parameters
SELECT partman.create_parent('test.part_test', 'col3', 'partman', 'daily'); or SELECT partman.create_parent('test.part_test', 'col1', 'partman', '100000');
This will turn your table into a parent table and premake 4 future partitions and also make 4 past partitions. To make new partitions, schedule the run_maintenance() function to run periodically or use the background worker settings in postgresql.conf (the latter is recommended).
This should be enough to get you started. Please see the pg_partman.md file in the doc folder for more information on the types of partitioning supported and what the parameters in the create_parent() function mean.
This extension can use the pgTAP unit testing suite to evalutate if it is working properly (http://www.pgtap.org). WARNING: You MUST increase max_locks_per_transaction above the default value of 64. For me, 128 has worked well so far. This is due to the sub-partitioning tests that create/destroy several hundred tables in a single transaction. If you don’t do this, you risk a cluster crash when running subpartitioning tests.