pgr_prim  pgRouting Manual (3.3)
pgr_prim
pgr_prim
 Minimum spanning forest of graph using Prim algorithm.
Availability

Version 3.0.0

New Official function

Support
Description
This algorithm finds the minimum spanning forest in a possibly disconnected graph using Prim’s algorithm.
The main characteristics are:

It’s implementation is only on undirected graph .

Process is done only on edges with positive costs.

When the graph is connected

The resulting edges make up a tree


When the graph is not connected,

Finds a minimum spanning tree for each connected component.

The resulting edges make up a forest.


Prim’s running time: \(O(E*log V)\)

EMPTY SET is returned when there are no edges in the graph.
Signatures
Summary
pgr_prim(edges_sql)
RETURNS SET OF (edge, cost)
OR EMPTY SET
 Example :

Minimum Spanning Forest of a subgraph
SELECT edge, cost FROM pgr_prim(
'SELECT id, source, target, cost, reverse_cost FROM edge_table WHERE id < 14'
) ORDER BY edge;
edge cost
+
1 1
2 1
3 1
4 1
5 1
6 1
7 1
9 1
10 1
11 1
13 1
(11 rows)
Parameters
Parameter 
Type 
Description 

Edges SQL 

SQL query described in Inner query . 
Inner query
Column 
Type 
Default 
Description 

id 

Identifier of the edge. 

source 

Identifier of the first end point vertex of the edge. 

target 

Identifier of the second end point vertex of the edge. 

cost 

Weight of the edge (source, target)


reverse_cost 

1 
Weight of the edge (target, source) ,

Where:
 ANYINTEGER :

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT
 ANYNUMERICAL :

SMALLINT, INTEGER, BIGINT, REAL, FLOAT
Result Columns
Returns SET OF
(edge,
cost)
Column 
Type 
Description 

edge 

Identifier of the edge. 
cost 

Cost to traverse the edge. 
See Also

The queries use the Sample Data network.
Indices and tables